Pajamas or pyjamas, normally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can seek advice from quite a few related varieties of apparel originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but sometimes also for lounging, also by each sexes. A lot more normally, pajamas may possibly seek advice from various clothes, for both equally daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variants of favor and substance.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 through the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'. The original pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans throughout East India Business rule in India.
The worldwide use of pajamas (the term as well as garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India from the 18th and nineteenth hundreds of years, as well as the British influence on the wider Western world during the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging attire" as early as the seventeenth century, then often called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they shortly fell from style. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the first 50 % with the nineteenth century. They did not become a manner in Britain plus the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys right up until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of usage at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by numerous folks in India e.g. by Gals of varied classes, by Sikh Adult males, and many by Mohammedans of each sexes. It absolutely was adopted with the Mohammedans by Europeans as an posting of dishabille and of evening attire, and is particularly synonymous with Prolonged Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It really is probable that we English took the practice like a superior a lot of Other people within the Portuguese. As a result Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in Talking of Goa Clinic: "Ils ont force calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The phrase is now Employed in London retailers. An acquaintance furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on 40 years in the past, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced feet sewn on to them (as was from time to time the case with All those furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it is actually due to the White Ants."[ten]
Traditional pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers mixture product of delicate cloth, which include flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket component ordinarily includes a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] Many people prefer to sleep or lounge in just the pajama trousers, either by using a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For this reason, pajama pants for guys and boys are often marketed as separates.
In colloquial speech, these common pajamas are frequently identified as PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes generally known as night fits.
Some pajamas aspect a drop seat (often known as a entice door or butt flap): a buttoned opening while in the seat, meant to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Fall seats had been very common on pajamas designed before the nineteen fifties, but while in the early 20-first century They may be alternatively rare.
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Modern day pajamas are derived from traditional pajamas. There are numerous versions in model such as quick sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different duration, or, occasionally, one particular-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating many materials. Chiefly inside the US, extend-knit snooze clothing with rib-knit trimmings are popular. Usually worn by youngsters, these garments typically have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if just one-piece), and could pidzame also be footed.
Although pajamas are often distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments including nightgowns, while in the US, they have got from time to time bundled the latter as a top. Babydoll pyjamas have a type of brief dress best above shorts or quick pants.
Pajamas could right now confer with Girls's blend daywear, particularly in the US the place they grew to become well-known inside the early twentieth century, consisting of quick-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these include capri pajamas, beach pajamas, and hostess pajamas.